Operation Typhoon. Panzergruppe 2 captures Orel 220 miles Southwest of Moscow, (Luftwaffe will use the airfield as a forward airbase). Another column of Panzergruppe 2 battles Soviet troops South of Bryansk. With 2nd, 4th and 9th Armies plus Panzergruppe 3 and 4 (part of Army Group Center) advancing from the West, Germans are now positioned to encircle Soviet Bryansk Front (3rd, 13th and 50th Armies under the command of General Andrey Yeremenko).
Just after midnight 650 miles East of Newfoundland, Canada, U-431 sinks British SS Hatasu (40 killed, 7 survivors in a lifeboat picked up after 7 days by US destroyer USS Charles F. Hughes and landed at Reykjavik).
North Sea. German bombers attack British destroyer HMS Vivacious (steering damaged, under repair until November). British motor torpedo boat MTB56 sinks Norwegian tanker Borgny off Bergen, escorted by Norwegian destroyer Draug (Operation Barefoot). MTB56 and Draug return next day to the Shetland Islands, Scotland.
300 miles Northeast of the Azores, a Walrus reconnaissance aircraft from British cruiser HMS Kenya spots German supply ship Klara (tender for the armed merchant raiders). HMS Kenya sinks Klara but does not stop for survivors due to the presence of a submarine (U-129). U-129 picks up 119 survivors and transfers them to a Spanish tug 2 days later.
Dutch submarine O.21 sinks Vichy French steamer Oued Yquem off Sardinia, Italy.